English 1A – Argument Essays Guidelines – FA2020
WRITE ABOUT Hybrid and Electric Cars – which is better?
(This essay is about the same topic I have used for the Compare and Contrast and/ Analysis Essay. I posted the files for the Compare and Contrast and/ Analysis Essay as an attachment for you to read it so you can complete this Argument Essay.)
THE BASICS for the Argument Essay
· This is an 8-page essay proving your argument/thesis on the same topic you used for the Compare and Contrast and/or Analysis Essay. Remember, we are building an argument essay by using the articles, research, and foundations from the first two essays by synthesizing the data you used, gathering more information that will back your thesis statement, and creating a solid argument. (If you want a new topic, please talk to me first. This may require more time and research.)
· If you are using the same topic from your previous essays, you will need to use the three articles you already analyzed along with 1 – 3 other articles from additional research. For this essay you need between 4-6 sources to support your argument and one to two articles that refutes your argument. Three of these resources need to be from a scholarly source.
· Find and use one to two rebuttals (articles with opposing arguments).

(A good argument essay not only has evidence to support your thesis, it also contains information that argues against your thesis. This shows your reader that you are aware of what ‘the other’ is saying and are prepared to defend your argument.)

· You will be analyzing your researched materials and deciding which ones offer the strongest backing for your thesis statement.
· Use quotes, summaries, and paraphrases from all the articles you are using.
· Make sure you use MLA citations after all the quotes, summaries, and paraphrases within your paper and include a Works Cited page.
· If you are using APA style, make sure you are using it according to our textbook, with in-text citations and a Reference page.
· Analyze your resources as closely as you did for the analysis essay.
· Avoid passive statements unless appropriate. Your argument needs to be active in order to engage the reader.
Use third person point of view only.

· If you are using the same topic from the first two essays, you may copy and paste from those essays any information that builds and adds to your argument but try to find a better way of saying it.
· Use quotes, examples, paraphrases, charts, images, and/or graphs; this is okay and encouraged. Don’t forget to use MLA or APA to site these things.
· Present your argument then state the counterargument. Make sure your argument is stronger than the counterargument.

You may include several different points in one rhetorical argument, but generally, you don’t have to include all the possible areas in one essay. You might use an analysis of a work to explain how it fits a certain ideology or rhetorical mode. Whatever your point is, that becomes you

Bajunaid 1

Mohammed Bajunaid

Tamara Frtzchle

English 1A

6 February 2022

Review of Expert Opinions Regarding Hybrid vs. Electric Cars

Although the majority of motorists across the world still use the conventional internal

combustion engines, electric and hybrid cars are fast gaining popularity. These vehicles are

constantly being developed as a means of creating more environmentally-friendly vehicles. The

dropping costs of these vehicles coupled with an increase in their reliability and driving range is

making them attractive to motorists. However, debates still remain as to which of the two types

of vehicles (electric and hybrid) are better than the other. Electric cars draw power from electric

motors to propel the vehicles while hybrid cars draw power from both electric motors and

internal combustion engines to propel the vehicles. This paper compares two articles that discuss

this topic to get an insight into the authors’ perceptions of electric and hybrid vehicles, in

addition to enabling the reader to deduce the better vehicle between the two.

In this article, Graham-Rowe review the perceptions of mainstream consumers toward

hybrid and electric vehicles. Based on a qualitative study, the article compares the two types of

cars based on six categories: vehicle confidence, cost minimization, environmental beliefs,

vehicle adaptation demands, impression management, and the general development of the

vehicles. The authors are well-known and trustworthy. They have impressive academic

credentials and work for the Transport Research laboratory in the UK.

In this article, Weiss, Zerfass, and Helmers present the cost-benefit analyses and

experience curves for hybrid and electric cars sold in Germany. They investigate the user costs of

Bajunaid 2

Mohammed Bajunaid

Tamara Frtzchle

English 1A

6 February 2022

both cars in terms of maintenance and the costs for mitigating air pollutant emissions. They also

discuss the relevant recharging infrastructure associated with both vehicles. The authors are well-

known and trustworthy. They have good academic credentials, vast experience in transport

issues, and work for the Joint Research Center, Institute of Energy, Transport, and Climate.

The intended audience for both articles is comprised of the stakeholders of the car

industry. This includes the car manufacturers, the car buyers, and the relevant policymaking

bodies in transportation. By comparing electric and hybrid vehicles using various attributes, the

audience can make crucial deductions aimed at informing the future development of both types

of cars. Regarding the purpose of writing the articles, Graham-Rowe aimed to compare hybrid

and electric vehicles based on six categories. Their findings are meant to give the reader an

insight into the pros and cons of each vehicle and the type of car that will offer better value for

money based on the current development

Bajunaid 1

Mohammed Bajunaid

Tamara Frtzchle

English 1A

20 February 2022

Review between the Hybrid vs Electric Cars

It should be noted that the following assessment between hybrid against electric vehicles is

intended to target enthusiasts and new buyers of vehicles of either configuration or type.

Additionally, the information offered is for knowledgeable purposes, in other words, offering

potential buyers a simplified appreciation of each technology and its impact on the


Hybrid Vehicles

Since the late 1800s, automobile developers have created and sold hybrid cars; yet,

due to the increased expense of manufacturing them on a large scale, their market acceptance

has remained low. However, automakers continued to study and develop improved hybrid

technologies in order to meet stricter emissions standards. Nevertheless, hybrid vehicles are

propelled by two propulsion systems, a conventional combustion engine, and an electric

motor. Both collaborate to rotate the wheels. It results in less petrol being consumed and

hence improved fuel efficiency.

Hybrids provide increased power and fuel economy by combining the benefits of high

fuel efficiency and reduced emissions compared to traditional cars when hybrid cars cruise or

brake, extra power is used to charge the batteries, resulting in increased fuel economy or

range. There are various methods to construct a hybrid vehicle. However, the first widely

available mass-market version was developed and utilized by Honda and is referred to as a

parallel or tandem hybrid.

According to Zhang et al., “the system connects an internal combustion engine with

an electric motor via a shared transmission gearbox. The differential transmits power between

Bajunaid 2

Mohammed Bajunaid

Tamara Frtzchle

English 1A

20 February 2022

the system’s two propulsion units and distributes it to the driving wheels in whichever

configuration the automobile requires at the time”. There are four primary forms of operation.

The first is the purely electric mode; the engine may be completely disconnected from the

share transmission through a clutch, allowing the automobile to be propelled only by the

electric motor.

The powertrain may be disabled under this model, and the automobile will drive

entirely on electricity. The engine may be restarted and the clutch compressed while the

electric motor is still operational, enabling the axles to be driven by both the electric and

gasoline engines. Also, “it is advantageous in the circumstances requiring torque, such as

entering onto an expressway or ascending a slope.” The powerplant can continue to run,

driving the electric motor instead of actively producing power. It effectively converts the

powerplant to a generator while driving the automobile. It allows the batteries to be charged

without the car being plugged in or stopped. The automobile acts similarly to a convention

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