Unit 3 Discussion 2 – Ethical Principles 900w due 3-23-22
1. Considering your course readings why is it important to adhere to ethical principles and protect human subjects within research study?
2. Provide historical examples of cases where these ethical principles were violated and the consequence of it.
3. How stringent or similar should ethical principles be to the standards placed on the conduction of clinical and/or educational research?
4. Offer examples where controversy exists regarding application of ethical principles in evidence-based practice projects, best practices in education versus clinical research.
5. Be sure to address HIPAA violations and FERPA depending on your focus – clinical practice vs academic education.
6. How does HIPAA and FERPA protect research participants?
7. Describe the difference between therapeutic and non-therapeutic research based on your textbook.
Responses need to address all components of the question, demonstrate critical thinking and analysis, and include peer reviewed journal evidence to support the student’s position.
Please be sure to validate your opinions and ideas with citations and references in APA format. Use at least 3 references including your textbook to support your posting.

Burns and Grove’s the Practice of Nursing Research

Appraisal, Synthesis, and Generation of Evidence


Jennifer R. Gray, PhD, RN, FAAN
Associate Dean
College of Natural and Health Sciences
Oklahoma Christian University
Edmond, Oklahoma;
Professor Emeritus
College of Nursing and Health Innovation
The University of Texas at Arlington
Arlington, Texas

Susan K. Grove, PhD, RN, ANP-BC, GNP-BC
Professor Emeritus
College of Nursing and Health Innovation
The University of Texas at Arlington
Arlington, Texas;
Adult Nurse Practitioner
Family Practice
Grand Prairie, Texas

Suzanne Sutherland, PhD, RN
Professor Emeritus and Part-Time Lecturer
California State University, Sacramento
Sacramento, California

Table of Contents

Cover image

Title Page

Inside Front Cover






New Content

Student Ancillaries

Instructor Ancillaries


Unit One Introduction to Nursing Research

1 Discovering the World of Nursing Research

Definition of Nursing Research

Framework Linking Nursing Research to the World of Nursing

Significance of Research in Building an Evidence-Based Practice for Nursing

Key Points


2 Evolution of Research in Building Evidence-Based Nursing Practice

Historical Development of Research in Nursing

Methodologies for Developing Research Evidence in Nursing

Classification of Research Methodologies Presented in This Text

Introduction to Best Research Evidence for Practice

Key Points


3 Introduction to Quantitative Research

The Scientific Method

Types of Quantitative Research

Applied Versus Basic Research

Rigor in Quantitative Research

Control in Quantitative Research

Control Groups Versus Comparison Groups

Steps of the Quantitative Research Process

Selecting a Research Design

Key Points


4 Introduction to Qualitative Research

Perspective of the Qualitative Researcher

Approaches to Qualitative Research

Key Points


Unit Two The Research Process

5 Research Problem and Purpose

The Research Problem

The Research Purpose

Sources of Research Problems

To Summarize: How to Decide on a Problem Area and Formulate a Purpose Statement

Examples of Research Topics, Problems, and Purposes for Different Types of Research

Key Points


6 Objectives, Questions, Variables, and Hypotheses

Levels of Abstraction

Purposes, Objectives, and Aims

How to Construct Research Questions

Variables in Quantitative Versus Qualitative Research

Defining Concepts and Operationalizing Variables in Quantitative Studies


Key Points


7 Review of Relevant Literature

Getting Started: Frequently Asked Questions

Developing a Qualitative Research Proposal

Developing a Quantitative Research Proposal

Practical Considerations for Performing a Literature Review

Stages of a Literature Review

Processing the Literature

Writing the Review of Literature

Key Points


8 Frameworks


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