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In response to research study

Some questions were presented related to the research study…Please respond to the questions below

1. What will be the benchmarks for inclusion in the research study?

2. What are the reasons and significance for selecting this topic?

3. When considering your topic would you have inclusion criteria other than positive for COVID-19? Or would you use the stratified sampling technique to organize by age, weight, ethnicity, comorbidities, etc.?

For my scientific research, the topic that I selected is “The effects of proning therapy in COVID 19 patients”. The PICOT question that will be utilized in the study is “For COVID-19 positive patients, has the use of proning therapy been effective in reducing mortality and intubation rates?” From the study’s PICOT question, the Population is Covid- 19 positive patients with the ICU, Intervention is proning therapy, Comparison is supine position, Outcome is reduced intubation and mortality of COVID-19 patients, and Time is during hospital admittance. According to the PICOT question, this study seeks to discover whether proning therapy as a COVID-19 treatment strategy will minimize intubation and mortality rates. This study will be quantitative research since these rates can be examined only through numerical data. This essay will highlight the sampling method I would use to conduct this study and how the sample type and size will be determined.
The Sampling Methods that Would be Used in the Study
The first sampling method utilized in my research will be simple random sampling. Frost (2022) stated that simple random sampling entails giving every person in the population an equivalent probability and opportunity of being chosen to participate. Therefore, I would use this sampling method to recruit patients from the desired number of ICUs in the country, particularly from those medical institutions that have used prone therapy in treating patients for more than five years. This method would be ideal because it allows a researcher to calculate the sampling error and minimize selection bias. Besides, simple random sampling is an effective sampling method in research because it is straightforward. In this context, since I will be selecting COVID-19 patients admitted to the ICU, simple random sampling will help me choose the desired number of participants to take part in prone therapy.
Additionally, I would utilize the stratified sampling method in this research. Essentially, in stratified sampling, the population is categorized into strata (subgroups) that share the same characteristic (Parsons, 2014). Moreover, this sampling method is used in studies where the researchers anticipate a variation of the measurement of interest between different strata. This ensures that there is representation from every subgroup. Therefore, I would employ the same sampling method in my research in the randomization and stratification of patients according to the ICU. This will allow

Burns and Grove’s the Practice of Nursing Research

Appraisal, Synthesis, and Generation of Evidence


Jennifer R. Gray, PhD, RN, FAAN
Associate Dean
College of Natural and Health Sciences
Oklahoma Christian University
Edmond, Oklahoma;
Professor Emeritus
College of Nursing and Health Innovation
The University of Texas at Arlington
Arlington, Texas

Susan K. Grove, PhD, RN, ANP-BC, GNP-BC
Professor Emeritus
College of Nursing and Health Innovation
The University of Texas at Arlington
Arlington, Texas;
Adult Nurse Practitioner
Family Practice
Grand Prairie, Texas

Suzanne Sutherland, PhD, RN
Professor Emeritus and Part-Time Lecturer
California State University, Sacramento
Sacramento, California

Table of Contents

Cover image

Title Page

Inside Front Cover






New Content

Student Ancillaries

Instructor Ancillaries


Unit One Introduction to Nursing Research

1 Discovering the World of Nursing Research

Definition of Nursing Research

Framework Linking Nursing Research to the World of Nursing

Significance of Research in Building an Evidence-Based Practice for Nursing

Key Points


2 Evolution of Research in Building Evidence-Based Nursing Practice

Historical Development of Research in Nursing

Methodologies for Developing Research Evidence in Nursing

Classification of Research Methodologies Presented in This Text

Introduction to Best Research Evidence for Practice

Key Points


3 Introduction to Quantitative Research

The Scientific Method

Types of Quantitative Research

Applied Versus Basic Research

Rigor in Quantitative Research

Control in Quantitative Research

Control Groups Versus Comparison Groups

Steps of the Quantitative Research Process

Selecting a Research Design

Key Points


4 Introduction to Qualitative Research

Perspective of the Qualitative Researcher

Approaches to Qualitative Research

Key Points


Unit Two The Research Process

5 Research Problem and Purpose

The Research Problem

The Research Purpose

Sources of Research Problems

To Summarize: How to Decide on a Problem Area and Formulate a Purpose Statement

Examples of Research Topics, Problems, and Purposes for Different Types of Research

Key Points


6 Objectives, Questions, Variables, and Hypotheses

Levels of Abstraction

Purposes, Objectives, and Aims

How to Construct Research Questions

Variables in Quantitative Versus Qualitative Research

Defining Concepts and Operationalizing Variables in Quantitative Studies


Key Points


7 Review of Relevant Literature

Getting Started: Frequently Asked Questions

Developing a Qualitative Research Proposal

Developing a Quantitative Research Proposal

Practical Considerations for Performing a Literature Review

Stages of a Literature Review

Processing the Literature

Writing the Review of Literature

Key Points


8 Frameworks


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