Directions: For this assignment, you will read and review a colleague’s draft paper and provide feedback. The instructors will randomly match each student with another and post in this space. You will each email a copy of your paper to your partner, then review your partner’s paper and use  this form to provide feedback.  Please use this opportunity to provide constructive feedback!  


NURS 4205—Peer Review Assignment

Reviewer’s Name ___________________________________________

Author of paper ___________________________________________

Title of paper ___________________________________________


Please read your partner’s paper and rate each element on a scale of 1-5 (with “1” being lowest and “5” being highest) by placing an “x” in one of the boxes and include brief comments. You may also include additional comments in the space provided. (Of course, use this review to provide constructive comments to your partner.)

The reviewer should then email her or his review to the paper’s author and to me.

Please complete your reviews by Tuesday, November 10 at 11:59pm.









The paper presents a clear and thoughtful approach to the chosen topic.

The paper reflects clear, critical thinking and reasoning.

The paper included support (citations and references) for statements of fact and data.

Overall, the paper is well organized and flows smoothly.

By reading this paper, I have learned useful, relevant information on an important health policy issue.

Any additional comments? (Optional)


United States Abortion Policy and its Domestic Impact

Abortion is a very commonly performed, but very uncommonly talked about medical procedure; because of its controversial nature, abortion is highly debated in both domestic and foreign sectors, with politicians unable to agree on expansive abortion access. Current abortion legislation in the United States is restrictive and conservative in nature, prohibiting federal funds from paying for abortion services both domestically and internationally, and abortion stigma is worsened both by these laws and the societal discomfort with discussing abortion. In an effort to decrease the rate of unintended pregnancies, to save women from having to carry unwanted pregnancies to term, and to reduce female mortality as a result of unsafe abortion, The United States needs to readopt its pioneered outlook on abortion. Ultimately, this paper argues that the funding ban and restrictive policies result in a greater incidence of unintended pregnancies, abortions, and unsafe medical practices due to the reduced or eradicated contraception dissemination and education, forced closure of reputable clinics, and loss of family planning/sex education (Azzam, 2019).
Abortion has been around as long as pregnancy, and has only until relatively recently been a non-disputed part of life. As the United States was first gaining its independence in the 18th century, most states adopted English common law in which abortion was only illegal after “quickening,” or when a woman could first feel fetal movement (Ravitz, 2016). CNN’s Jessica Ravitz (2016) reports,
“At conception and the earliest stage of pregnancy, before quickening, no one believed that a human life existed; not even the Catholic Church took this view… Rather, the popular ethic regarding abortion and common law were grounded in the female experience of their own bodies.” (Para. 9)
In the 18th century and early 19th century, the popular school of thought regarding abortion and common law were founded in the “female experience of their own bodies” (Ravitz, 2016). It wasn’t until the mid-19th century that abortion became politicized, and the Catholic Church did not condemn abortion until 1869 (Ravtiz, 2016) Finally, in 1880, abortions became criminalized throughout the U.S., but only from pressure from medical establishments, a fact that now seems contrary to logic (Ravitz, 2016) (Azzam, 2019).
During the 1800s, male physicians slowly monopolized the healthcare industry, and took over primary care positions from medical care sources women had been previously using (King, 1992). This shift caused friction between women and their physicians in regards to healthcare decisions: women were no longer controlled by reproduction due to contraceptives and abortion, but their physicians did not inform them on how to prevent pregnancy, believing it would inhibit the “natural biologic function of mother

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