AAFS / AHIS 286: African Civilizations
Critical Response Paper: Guidelines
The critical response paper will consist of a 6-7 page critical response to the content of video #1:
‘Different But Equal’ listed on the syllabus and available on Blackboard. Students are expected
to provide critical summaries of the video and link them with specific examples from the class
texts. The response should highlight the main issues discussed in the video.
1. What is the main focus of the specific video (What is the narrator/producer seeking to
2. Identify the main issues highlighted in the video and discuss them in specific paragraphs
(how are the issues presented?)
3. Explain how the discussed issues are relevant or irrelevant to the main focus of the narrator.
4. Explain whether the narrator has been successful in presenting his or her ideas. Did they
make any unsubstantiated claims? Where any points misrepresented or omitted?
5. Students must link the video to readings from the assigned texts (A minimum of SIX
examples are required). What issues discussed in the video are similar to points made in the
readings you have read so far? Cite specific examples from specific assigned readings where
applicable. Connecting the video to assigned class readings is a requirement.
Style: Do not editorialize!
6. Avoid personal references (example, I feel…, I think …, In my opinion…)
Instead: It is apparent from the narrator’s choice of words that he/she… etc
7. Use the present tense in the essay: ex. Davidson highlights …., the narrator discusses … etc
8. Paraphrase specific quotes from the video to illustrate your points. But, be specific about the
issues you are discussing.
9. Underline the title of books/texts (except when written in italics)
Format: Your essay must follow the following format
a. Introduction: A paragraph introducing the main focus of the essay and the main issues
highlighted in the video.
b. Body: The body of your essay comprises of a point-by-point discussion of the themes/issues
identified in the video. The points are separated by paragraphs. Hence, the body of students’
reflections must comprise of paragraphs with each paragraph making a separate but specific
c. Conclusion: The critical response must have a closing paragraph that sums up all that has
been discussed in the body of the essay.
d. Citations: In-text citation of class readings or other texts used in the essay are very
important (required). Students may use any citation style. See examples below:
APA (American Psychology Association):
Example – (Khapoya, 2013, p.14)
MLA (Modern Languages Association):
Example – (Khapoya, 14), or placing the exact page number after the quote: (14)
Example 1 – (Davidson, 1994, 14) or Davidson (1994, 14)
Example 2 – (Abarry & Asante, 1996, 14) or Abarry & Asante (1996, 14)
e. Works Cited: The
The History of Africa
Authoritative and comprehensive, The History of Africa provides an accessible narrative
from earliest prehistory to the present day, with unusual attention paid to the ordinary
lives of Africans. This survey includes a wealth of indigenous ideas, African concepts,
and traditional outlooks that have escaped the writing of African history in the West.
The fully updated new edition includes information on the recent conflicts in Libya
and the Sudan, as well as additional content on the experiences and contributions of
women. A companion website offers a wealth of supporting resources for each chapter,
including new historic maps, primary sources, video and audio clips, and links to sites for
further research. Richly illustrated and clearly written, this volume is an indispensable
introduction to the major developments, personalities, and events that have shaped the
history of the African continent.
Molefi Kete Asante is Professor and Chair of the Department of Africology and African
American Studies at Temple University in Philadelphia, and President of the Molefi
Kete Asante Institute for Afrocentric Studies. He is the founding editor of the Journal
of Black Studies and has published 83 books, including Revolutionary Pedagogy (2017), As
I Run Towards Africa (2015), and The African American People: A Global History (2013).
The History of Africa
The Quest for Eternal Harmony
Molefi Kete Asante
Third edition published 2019
52 Vanderbilt Avenue, New York, NY 10017
and by Routledge
2 Park Square, Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon, OX14 4RN
Routledge is an imprint of the Taylor & Francis Group, an informa business
© 2019 Taylor & Francis
The right of Molefi Kete Asante to be identified as author of this work has been
asserted by him in accordance with sections 77 and 78 of the Copyright, Designs and
Patents Act 1988.
All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reprinted or reproduced or utilised
in any form or by any electronic, mechanical, or other means, now known or
hereafter invented, including photocopying and recording, or in any information
storage or retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publishers.
Trademark notice : Product or corporate names may be trademarks or registered
trademarks, and are used only for identification and explanation without intent to
First edition published by Pearson Education Ltd. 2007
Second edition published by Routledge 2014
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Names: Asante, Molefi Kete, 1942– author.
Title: The history of Africa : the quest for eternal harmony / by Molefi Kete Asante.
Description: 3rd edition. | New York : Routledge, 2019. | Includes bibliographical
references and index.
Identifiers: LCCN 2018033406 (print) | LCCN 2018034403 (ebook) |
ISBN 9781315168166 | ISBN 9781138710375
Subjects: LCSH: Africa—History. | Africa—Civilization
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